30 Most Beautiful Cities in Europe You Should Visit in 2022

by Global Viewpoint
Most Beautiful Cities in Europe to Visit in 2021

The most beautiful cities in Europe range from medieval fairytale towns to cool cosmopolitan cities.

The cobblestone path you’re walking on was built by a mason 500 years ago. To your right, you see a colossal cathedral with stain glass windows and pointy Gothic spires. To your left, a gentle river skirts around beautifully painted homes (that you can totally imagine yourself living in). You decide to sit down on a bench in the Old Town.

Then, your ears suddenly perk up at the sound of people speaking a foreign language. You don’t understand what they’re saying, but their hand gestures and facial expressions give you a slight indication.

Welcome to Europe, a continent of timeless intrigue home to some the prettiest cities in the world. This scene could describe hundreds of cities in Europe, but which are the prettiest? Here are some of the most beautiful cities in Europe you should visit in 2022.

Note: This list is in no particular order. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder!

Most beautiful European cities pinterest image

30 of the Most Beautiful Cities in Europe

Here’s a list of the most beautiful, intriguing, and enriching cities in Europe.

1. Český Krumlov, Czech Republic

Český Krumlov is truly a dream come true! This is a coolest city in Europe for architecture lovers. Nearly every street inside the city walls are worthy of a postcard.

Cesky Krumlov is top among the cultural cities in Europe.
Cesky Krumlov is top among the cultural cities in Europe.

I’ve visited many old towns across Europe, and nothing quite compares to this one. As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Český Krumlov is set on a picturesque river with beautiful Baroque and Renaissance architecture as far as the eye can see. A 13th-century castle towers over the historic center, offering panoramic views all around.

Bohemia is known for its beautiful Baroque architecture
Bohemia is known for its beautiful Baroque architecture.

What sets this favorite European city apart from others is the sheer number of well-preserved buildings from centuries past. Formerly an important part of Bohemia, Český Krumlov retains its medieval street layout and hundreds of years of beautiful creations that came after it. While many wars have ravaged surrounding cities, kingdoms, and empires, this town experienced centuries of peace and calm. This, in turn, preserved the personality and heritage we see today.

This part of Czechia has a colorful character that is unmatched.
This part of Czechia has a colorful character that is unmatched.

Český Krumlov is just a couple of hours from Prague and Vienna, making it a popular day trip from each of these famous European cities. Though if you want to fully experience the magic of this fairytale destination, stay for at least a weekend!

Lots of authentic cafés and restaurants in Cesky Krumlov
Lots of authentic cafés and restaurants in Cesky Krumlov.

2. Dubrovnik, Croatia

Dubrovnik is a beautiful city in Europe
Dubrovnik earns a top spot as a beautiful city in Europe.

This charming city lies on the shores of the Adriatic Sea. Nicknamed the “Pearl of the Adriatic,” Dubrovnik has been a treasured seaport and cultural center since the Middle Ages. As such, it’s one of the most beautiful European cities that you should visit in 2022.

When you step inside Dubrovnik’s 16th-century walls, you’ll be dazzled by its Baroque architecture and limestone streets. As expected, the Old City of Dubrovnik is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Take a cable car to the Restaurant Panorama, where you'll have sweeping views of the walled city of Dubrovnik.
Take a cable car to the Restaurant Panorama, where you’ll have sweeping views of the walled city of Dubrovnik.

After the dreadful bombings during the Siege of Dubrovnik in 1991, Dubrovnik underwent extensive restoration work preserving its medieval flair. Today, the cityscape has been fully restored and contains many trendy shops and restaurants.

Top attractions include walking on the Walls of Dubrovnik and taking a ferry ride to the nearby island of Lokrum. With its cultural identity and architectural splendor, Dubrovnik deserves the top spot among the prettiest European cities.

Dubrovnik, most beautiful cities in Europe
Dubrovnik’s medieval walls were built between the 14th and 16th centuries.

3. Strasbourg, France

Strasbourg is the capital of the Alsace region in eastern France. Cherished for its vibrant timber houses, Strasbourg looks like a scene straight out of a fairytale. It’s no wonder why it’s considered one of the most beautiful European cities.

Strasbourg has a lively alfresco scene with lots of restaurants and cafes.
Strasbourg has a lively alfresco scene with lots of restaurants and cafes.

Strasbourg has endured a rocky past, switching hands numerous times between Germany and France. As a result, you will hear French, German, and Alsatian (a language similar to Swiss German) spoken on the streets.

The top sight in Strasbourg is undoubtedly La Petite France, a district with quaint canals and timber homes. Another must-see sight is the Strasbourg Cathedral, a Gothic cathedral dating back to the early 15th century.

When you visit Strasbourg, be sure to also visit nearby Colmar. And don’t forget to indulge in the Alsatian wine and cuisine. Bon appétit! Guten Appetit! E Güeter!  

Strasbourg, most beautiful cities in Europe
My favorite memory in Strasbourg was taking a canal cruise through La Petite France.
Strasbourg Cathedral
The Strasbourg Cathedral was built between 1015 and 1439. At 465 feet (142 m) tall, it was the world’s tallest building until 1874.

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4. Riga, Latvia

Set on the Baltic Sea, Riga is a must see city in Europe. As the capital of Latvia, it is a cultural center home to many world-class museums, art nouveau buildings, and authentic shops and restaurants. Riga is the largest city in the Baltic region, so it shouldn’t be missed on a Baltic Cruise itinerary.

Riga is a vibrant place to visit in the Baltics.
Riga is a vibrant place to visit in the Baltics.

Spend your days taking in the medieval Old Town on the banks of the Daugava River. This part of the city is incredibly colorful and walkable, showcasing hundreds of years of rich history. Riga has been a major trading center for centuries. However, the spirit of the city today is best seen in its flamboyant art nouveau architecture and cosmopolitan vibe.

Riga is known for having some of the best European Christmas markets.
Riga is known for having some of the best European Christmas markets.

Visitors come to this unique city in Europe for its Old Town, and stay for its lively nightlife. Livu Square is home to cool bars and nightclubs that can rival many of the largest cities of Western Europe.

Just outside of the city is one of Latvia’s most beautiful resort towns, Jūrmala. However, after stepping foot inside this magical city in Europe, it will be hard to leave!

Riga's Old Town is incredibly charming.
Riga’s Old Town is incredibly charming.

5. Florence, Italy

Florence (Firenze) is the capital of Italy’s Tuscany region. It’s the notable birthplace of the Renaissance, which is strikingly visible throughout the city. Florence is also known for its world-class art, fashion, and cuisine, which embody the city’s dolce vita (“sweet life”).

Florence is the quintessential European Renaissance city.
Florence is the quintessential European Renaissance city.

During the Middle Ages, Florence was the wealthiest city in Europe due to its thriving trade and banking. Florence’s top-notch standing was shaped by the Medici family. This noble dynasty dominated the city’s political and financial landscape during the 14th and 15th centuries.

Florence transports you back in time.
Florence transports you back in time.

The magnum opus (masterpiece) of Florence is the Duomo di Firenze, a Gothic Revival and Renaissance cathedral. Another top sight is the Piazzale Michelangelo, a hilltop square with stunning panoramic views of Florence. The entire historic city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Revered for its art and architecture, Florence is unequivocally one of the most beautiful cities in Italy and Europe.

Florence Cathedral
The Florence Cathedral, or the Duomo di Firenze, was built from 1296-1436.

6. Santorini, Greece

Santorini is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea comprised of several tiny villages. Its most popular settlements include Oia, Fira, and Imerovigli. For the purposes of this article, I’ll consider Santorini a city, as these settlements form one municipality.

Fira, Santorini
Fira, Santorini

Santorini’s rugged clifftops formed during a massive volcanic eruption 3,600 years ago. Similar to the Roman ruins at Pompeii, Santorini’s prehistoric settlement, Akrotiri, is miraculously well-preserved. This excavation site sheds light on the Minoan Civilization that thrived here during the third millennium BC.

From sunset cruises to hikes along the coastline, Santorini has something to offer for everyone. Santorini’s white-washed houses, brilliant blue roofs, and crystal clear water are a feast for the eyes. To see it all, I recommend in staying at one of these amazing Airbnbs in Europe.

Santorini, most beautiful cities in Europe
Attracting over 2 million tourists last year, Santorini will likely be one of the most popular destinations in 2022. It’s definitely one of the prettiest cities in Europe.

7. Lisbon, Portugal is one of the top European cities

It would be a crime to write an article on the most beautiful cities in Europe without mentioning Lisbon.

As Portugal’s coastal capital, Lisbon is best known for its colorful buildings, cobbled streets, and seven imposing hills. With no shortage of steep streets and cable cars, Lisbon is the old world doppelgänger of San Francisco. There’s even a bridge in the city that looks identical to the Golden Gate Bridge!

If there’s just one thing you should see in Lisbon, visit the Ascensor da Bica (Bica Elevator). This iconic cable car is found in the Bairro Alto quarter of the city, and it cannot be missed. There’s usually a long line to get on, but the best views are from the top of the street. From here, you can look down on the cable car and tracks below.

The Ascensor da Bica is one of the most iconic sights in Lisbon.
The Ascensor da Bica is one of the most iconic sights in Lisbon.

Another must-see sight in the city is the Belém Tower. It was built in the early 1500s to defend the city, but later became a lighthouse and customs house. This tower features a variety of architectural styles, including Moorish, Gothic, and Romanesque. Today, the Belém Tower stands watch over the Tagus River and serves as a reminder of Lisbon’s multicultural past.

Belém Tower is one of the coolest fortresses in Europe.
Belém Tower is one of the coolest fortresses in Europe.

Walk around Lisbon, and you’ll quickly see why it’s one of the best cities to visit in Europe.

8. Venice, Italy

Venice is the capital of Italy’s Veneto region, and comprises more than 100 small islands in the Adriatic Sea. Nicknamed La Serenissima (the most serene), Venice is one of the most beautiful cities and UNESCO Sites in Europe.

Venice from above
Venice from above

This city of canals has been a cultural and commercial center since medieval times. Venice is home to numerous historic and architectural treasures, including the Piazza San Marco, Grand Canal, and Saint Mark’s Basilica.

When in Venice, you’ll be enchanted by the sight of gondolas and ferryboats maneuvering through the city’s narrow waterways.

Among the most beautiful and historic cities in Europe, Venice is top-notch.

Venice Italy
Gondolas were the preferred mode of transportation in Venice. During the 17th and 18th centuries, there were upwards of 10,000 gondolas in Venice. Today, there are only about 400 of them, which are mostly used for tourism purposes.
Saint Mark's Basilica, most beautiful cities in Europe
Saint Mark’s Basilica, or the Basilica di San Marco, is a Roman Catholic church built in 1092. This Venetian basilica contains a mix of Gothic and Byzantine architecture.

9. Würzburg, Germany – Among the Most Beautiful Cities in Europe

Würzburg is a beautiful baroque city nestled in the heart of Franconia wine country.

It’s often called the Pearl of the Romantic Road, the most popular tourist route in Germany. Würzburg is known for its medieval towns and castles, breathtaking landscapes, and fine wines. After seeing its vibrant baroque buildings and vineyard-covered hills up close, I can definitely see why!

Wurzburg, Germany is one of the prettiest cities in Europe.
Würzburg is a great place to begin your adventure on the Romantic Road! It’s undoubtedly one of the prettiest cities in Europe.

When visiting Würzburg, be sure to enjoy a glass of Silvaner wine on the Alte Mainbrücke (Old Main bridge). This was one of the highlights of my visit. Another must is sampling local delicacies at the market square. And of course, exploring the Marienberg Fortress wine trail.

From history and cultural attractions to cuisine, there are countless things to see and do in this beautiful city. Architecture aficionados and wine lovers alike will find plenty to do in Würzburg, Germany.

Wurzburg Germany Residenz
When in Würzburg, don’t forget to visit the Würzburg Residenz. It’s one of the main attractions in the city, and one of the most beautiful royal palaces in all of Europe.

While some people choose to do a Würzburg day trip from Frankfurt, I recommend spending at least a night here. That way, you’ll be able to fully experience Würzburg’s baroque charm, which makes it one of the prettiest European cities.

Most beautiful cities in Europe Wurzburg
Catching the sunrise over the city was one of the highlights of my trip to Würzburg.

10. Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

This is one of the best cities in Europe, hands down. Located in Southern Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mostar is a top destination in the Balkans. It’s best known for its rich culture, intriguing history, and scenic riverside setting.

Mostar is one of the most stunning riverfront places imaginable.
Mostar is one of the most stunning riverfront places imaginable.

Mostar is incredibly unique with its Western and Eastern traditions. Throughout the city, there are many visible remnants of its multicultural past, which include elements of Turkish, Middle Eastern, and other Mediterranean influences. It was once an Ottoman frontier town, which is clearly visible in its buildings today. The vibrant architecture, paired with the mountain scenery and Neretva River, make this an easy choice for a top European city.

Hotels in Mostar are very affordable, so it's no wonder this is a top European city to visit.
Hotels in Mostar are very affordable, so it’s no wonder this is a top European city to visit.

From the Stari Most (Old Bridge) to its Mediterranean-style cuisine, Mostar is a fun and authentic city in Eastern Europe. Many visit here as a day trip from Split or Dubrovnik, Croatia. However, to truly experience the magic of this cool European city, you’ll want to stay for at least a few days.

Aerial view of the Neretva River in Mostar.
Aerial view of the Neretva River in Mostar.

11. Bologna, Italy

Bologna is a city where you arrive hungry and leave in a food coma. I’m kidding about the last part, but Bologna is known to have the best food in Italy. But aside from its endless trattorias and gelaterias, Bologna has so much more to offer in the way of being one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

Why Bologna is a unique European city

Hailed as one of the prettiest cities in Europe, Bologna is the capital of Italy’s Emilia Romagna region. It boasts beautiful architecture, namely its 40 kilometers of porticoes. These columned walkways were built to shield people from the weather, but now serve as the city’s top tourist attraction.

The porticoes of Bologna should be a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The porticoes of Bologna are candidates for the UNESCO World Heritage List.

In addition to these UNESCO-worthy porticoes, Bologna is home to one of the oldest squares in Italy, the Piazza Maggiore. This piazza has an intriguing mix of old buildings, monuments, shops, and restaurants. Unlike Florence’s Piazza del Duomo or Venice’s Piazza San Marco, it offers plenty of breathing room. Yet, it’s still the pulse and soul of the city.

Bologna also has a leaning tower that tilts more than Pisa. Fun fact!

Bologna has 22 medieval towers. This one is more tilted than the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Bologna has 22 medieval towers. This one is more tilted than the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

Bologna’s cool culture comes from it being a university town. It’s home to Europe’s oldest university, which dates back to 1088 AD. Whether you’re into good food, fine wines, or amazing architecture, add Bologna to your 2022 bucket list!

12. Salzburg, Austria

Salzburg is a picturesque city in western Austria that borders Germany and the Eastern Alps. It’s one of the prettiest cities in Europe on many accounts.

Salzburg is surrounded by mountains.
Salzburg is surrounded by mountains.

As the birthplace of Mozart, Salzburg is the ‘capital of music’. Fittingly, it’s also the setting of the popular 1960s movie, The Sound of Music.

Salzburg’s Altstadt, or Old Town, is a remarkably well-preserved UNESCO World Heritage Site that embodies classical Austria. Here, you’ll find marvelous sights such as the Hohensalzburg Fortress, Mirabell Palace, and Salzburg Cathedral.

Needless to say, Salzburg’s pristine scenery and medieval architecture will have you singing.

Salzburg is one of the prettiest and most beautiful cities in Europe.
Erected during 1077-1519, the Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the biggest medieval castles in Europe. This fortress is perched 1,660 feet (506 m) above the Old Town.

13. Paris, France

Famous cities in Europe have nothing on Paris. As the capital of France, Paris is one of the most visited cities in the world. The city is a global leader in the arts, fashion, and cuisine.

Eiffel Tower in Paris
The Eiffel Tower, an iconic landmark in Paris, was built for the 1889 World Fair. Today, it’s the world’s most visited paid monument, attracting over 6.2 million visitors last year.

The Parisian cityscape is defined by world-class attractions such as the Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame Cathedral, and the Louvre Museum. This cosmopolitan city is also home to wide avenues like the Champs-Élysées and massive monuments like the Arc de Triomphe.

The Arc de Triomphe is the focal point of Paris.
The Arc de Triomphe is the focal point of Paris.

The River Seine skirts around the city, offering sightseeing tours and dinner cruises.

With over 20 arrondissements (districts) in Paris, it would take years to explore all that this European capital has to offer.

Louvre Museum, most beautiful cities in Europe
Established in 1793, the Louvre Museum in Paris is the world’s largest art museum. This former palace contains a collection of artifacts tracing back to 4,000 BC.

14. Nuremberg, Germany

Nuremberg, long considered one of the prettiest cities in Europe, is a magical medieval masterpiece in northern Bavaria. Dating back to the Holy Roman Empire, Nuremberg was an attractive residence for kings and artists alike.

Beautiful half-timbered homes in Nuremberg.
Beautiful half-timbered homes in Nuremberg.

The charming city of Nuremberg is best depicted by its imperial castles and vibrant facades. Some of the top sights in the Old Town (Altstadt) include the Nuremberg Castle and Albrecht Dürer House.

Nuremberg’s beauty is magnified during the wintertime when the city unveils its Christkindlesmarkt. Their Christmas Markets are some of the most beautiful in all of Germany and Europe.

During World War II, Nuremberg was reduced to rubble. However, during the decades that followed, Nuremberg was seamlessly reconstructed to return the city to its former splendor.

Today, Nuremberg is one of the best and most beautiful cities in Europe!

Nuremberg is one of the prettiest and most beautiful cities in Europe.
The Nuremberg Castle is a massive complex of fortified buildings constructed during the Middle Ages. This castle is a symbol of Nuremberg’s imperial importance during the days of the Holy Roman Empire.

15. Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona is such an incredible European city that you should add to your bucket list.

Parc Güell is one of the most beautiful sights in the city of Barcelona.
Parc Güell is one of the most beautiful sights in the city of Barcelona.

It’s the capital and cultural center of Spain’s Catalonia region. Attracting 32 million tourists last year, Barcelona is the most visited city in one of the most visited European countries.

Nestled between scenic mountains and coastline, Barcelona has a diverse natural and cultural landscape. From Mount Tibidabo to the Barceloneta Beach, Barcelona has something special to offer for everyone.

Barcelona’s popular cultural attractions include the Sagrada Família and Parc Güell. Each of these sights were built by the acclaimed Catalan architect, Antoni Gaudí.

Treasured for its culture, cuisine, and history, Barcelona is a beautiful and budget-friendly city. As a former study abroad student in Barcelona, I would definitely choose to live here again!

Sagrada Familia, most beautiful cities in Europe. It's located in the heart of Barcelona, one of the prettiest cities in Europe.
The Sagrada Família is a Roman Catholic Basilica that has been undergoing construction since 1882. It’s located in the heart of Barcelona, one of the prettiest cities in Europe.
Camp Nou, most beautiful cities in Europe
Camp Nou is the home stadium of Barcelona’s soccer team, FC Barcelona. With a capacity of 99,354 spectators, Camp Nou is the largest stadium in Europe.

16. Tallinn, Estonia

Looking to visit one of the most beautiful cities in Eastern Europe and the Baltic countries? Add Tallinn to your bucket list!

Every street inside Tallinn's city walls are worthy of a postcard.
Every street inside Tallinn’s city walls are worthy of a postcard.

Tallinn is one of the best-preserved medieval cities in all of Europe. Just look at the defensive towers guarding the city, and the old churches and other historic buildings sprawled around the city. It’s no wonder that this pretty European city is a favorite amongst architecture lovers!

Tallinn has such a vibrant personality
Tallinn has such a vibrant personality

In addition to its historic charm, Tallinn has grown into a cultural hub in the Baltic Region. It’s got a modern and even bohemian feel to it, as well as a variety of alfresco and nightlife spots. Stroll around the colorful squares and courtyards around Tallinn, and you won’t want to visit anywhere else!

Tallinn's city walls were built in the 13th century.
Tallinn’s city walls were built in the 13th century.

With so much charm and vibrance, it’s no wonder Tallinn is among the most beautiful places in Northern Europe!

17. London, UK

London is the capital of the United Kingdom and is undoubtedly one of the top cities in Europe. Even though London isn’t as colorful as the cities above, its authentic charm and riveting history bring out its beauty.

Founded during the Roman times, London has arguably been the most influential city during the past millennium. Kings and queens have reigned from its royal palaces, a hallmark of the British Empire’s global presence and prosperity.

Oxford Street in London.
Oxford Street in London.

London is among the coolest cities in Europe for all travelers

Many of the city’s historic and cultural treasures are in the City of Westminster. Top sights here include Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, and the Westminster Abbey.

For nature enthusiasts, Hyde Park offers a serene setting away from the hustle and bustle of the city. This park is also home to Kensington Palace, a residence of the British Royal Family.

Given its extraordinary history and brilliant architecture, London deservedly closes out the top 10 most beautiful cities in Europe.

Read next: Cheapest Destinations to Fly to In Europe

London is definitely one of the most beautiful cities in Europe
The Palace of Westminster houses both bodies of the UK Parliament: the House of Commons and House of Lords. It was initially built in 1016, and subsequently rebuilt after it was burned down in 1834. To the right of the Houses of Parliament is Big Ben.
Buckingham Palace, most beautiful cities in Europe
Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the British monarchy. As such, it is currently the administrative headquarters and home to Queen Elizabeth. The Changing of the Guards ceremony is held at 11AM every Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday.

18. Vienna, Austria

Vienna is such a beautiful city. It’s the capital of Austria, an Alpine country in Central Europe.

The vibrant streets of Vienna.
The vibrant streets of Vienna.

With a history spanning 2,000 years, Vienna was founded by the Romans as a strategic fortification along the Danube River. During the subsequent two millennia, Vienna was at the helm of powerful empires, including the Holy Roman Empire and Austria-Hungary.

As a cultural center in Central Europe, Vienna is well-known for its operas, waltzes, and classical music. The city is also a top destination for international conventions and congresses.

Throughout Vienna, you will discover an array of parks, gardens, churches, and palaces. Most notable among them are the Volksgarten (People’s Garden), St. Stephen’s Cathedral, and Schönbrunn Palace.

Vienna is so beautiful that it’s one of the most livable cities in Europe, and even the world.

St. Stephen's Cathedral, most beautiful cities in Europe
St. Stephen’s Cathedral is a Romanesque and Gothic Cathedral built in 1160. Towering over the city center, St. Stephen’s Cathedral stands tall as a symbol of Vienna’s permanence and multi-faceted heritage.
Schonbrunn Palace, most beautiful cities in Europe
Remodeled in the 1740s, the Schönbrunn Palace was a summer residence for the Habsburg Monarchy. Today, this 1,441-room palace is a museum and garden complex.

19. Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is one of the most beautiful (and vibrant) cities in Europe. It’s a place seemingly plucked from the pages of a Grimms’ fairytale, making it one of the most magical, medieval destinations in Germany, and Europe as a whole.

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is among the top and prettiest cities in Europe.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber is among the prettiest cities in Europe.

Stepping inside Rothenburg ob der Tauber for the first time, I couldn’t contain my excitement. Beautifully painted half-timbered homes, quaint cobblestone streets, and medieval city gates and towers are some of the things you’ll see in Germany’s best-preserved medieval city. It’s truly a dream come true, and deserving of all the praise and tourists it receives each year.

Everything is remarkably intact in the Old Town, painting a picture of what life looked like centuries ago.

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is among the most beautiful and enchating cities in Europe.
When visiting Rothenburg ob der Tauber, be sure to climb 220 steps to the top of the Town Hall. From there, amazing aerial views of the Altstadt will be your reward!

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is one of the top destinations along the Romantic Road, a 350-km picturesque route that runs through Southern Germany. If possible, stay overnight, as you’ll have the whole compact city to yourself once the day trippers leave!

If you love the Old Towns of Europe, you’ll have to visit add Rothenburg ob der Tauber to your 2022 bucket list. Pretty city names in Europe don’t come close to this colorful place in Bavaria.

20. Bruges, Belgium

Cool cities in Europe don’t measure up to this one in Western Europe. Bruges is a scenic city in the Flemish Region of Belgium that everyone ought to visit.

Beautiful Bruges at night.
Beautiful Bruges at night.

Interestingly, Bruges was one of the world’s first tourist destinations. It was here, where wealthy British and French tourists began visiting en masse during the second half of the 1800s.

Its name comes from the Old Dutch word “brugga”, meaning “bridge”. With a plethora of canals, Bruges is nicknamed the “Venice of the North”. As such, your best bet is to see these picturesque spots by boat.

Bruges’ historic city center, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, contains many medieval buildings that are remarkably well-preserved. Furthermore, these sights include the Church of Our Lady and the Belfry of Bruges.

With its medieval architecture and Old World canals, Bruges earns a top spot among the most beautiful cities in Europe.

Bruges, most beautiful cities in Europe
Bruges is covered by waterways and canals. On the right, you can see the Belfry of Bruges, a medieval bell tower. Built in 1240, the Belfry was used as a treasury and an observation tower for sighting fires.

21. Prague, Czech Republic – One of the Coolest European Cities for History Lovers

Prague is the capital city and cultural center of the Czech Republic. Located along the Vltava River, Prague was a strategic city for mighty empires. The Holy Roman Empire, Austria-Hungary, and Bohemia all had a substantial impact on the city we see today.

Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

Prague’s historic center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Some of the city’s most noteworthy sights are the Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, and Old Town Square. Each of these landmarks are very well-preserved and embody Prague’s medieval flair.

Aside from its rich heritage, Prague is also a modern city with its world-class dining, art, and nightlife.

In recent years, Prague has become a very popular weekend getaway destination in Europe. It helps that it’s also one of the cheapest cities in Europe. Your Koruna will go far in Prague.

Prague Castle, most beautiful cities in Europe
Towering over the city, the Prague Castle was built in the 9th century. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the Prague Castle is the world’s largest ancient castle.
Prague Astronomical Clock; Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe
Created in 1410, the Prague Astronomical Clock is the centerpiece of the Old Town Square. It is world’s oldest, continuously operating astronomical clock.

22. Lucerne, Switzerland

Lucerne is a small city in the heart of central Switzerland. This Swiss city is situated between an idyllic lakeside setting and snow-capped mountains. A list of Europe cities wouldn’t be complete without mentioning it!

Lucerne is a beautiful city in Switzerland that you should add to your Europe bucket list.
Lucerne is one of the prettiest European cities.

To complement the countryside that surrounds it, Lucerne is enlivened by its vibrant streets, colorful houses, and covered bridges.

Many of Lucerne’s medieval features date back to the 14th century. Chief among them are the Musegg Wall and Chapel Bridge.

The Lucerne skyline from the Musegg Wall.
The Lucerne skyline from the Musegg Wall.

Not only does Lucerne embody the Old World, but is also offers a dose of modernity. Lucerne’s Culture and Congress Centre is a sleek, state-of-the-art venue where the Summer Festival and concerts take place. Lucerne is also a popular destination for shopping, eating, and drinking.

As the gateway to central Switzerland’s Alpine landscape, Lucerne is a must-visit during all seasons of the year.

Planning a trip here? Check out these 12 amazing Airbnbs in Switzerland!

Lucerne, most beautiful cities in Europe
The Kapellbrücke, or Chapel Bridge, is a wooden covered bridge crossing over the River Reuss. Built in 1333, the Chapel Bridge is considered one of the world’s oldest wooden covered bridges.

23. Edinburgh, Scotland

A round-up of the coolest cities in Europe wouldn’t be complete without mentioning Edinburgh. The Scottish capital is a hilly and compact city with lots of gorgeous stone buildings and gardens.

Colorful streets of Edinburgh.
Colorful streets of Edinburgh.

Overlooking the sea, Edinburgh is just waiting to be discovered. Its Old Town is one of the most picturesque in Europe, and there’s also a New Town with a fun, cosmopolitan vibe. Historic cobbled streets are sprawled all over, but you won’t have to go far to see a lively and modern atmosphere that draws a young crowd.

Gothic architecture in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Gothic architecture in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Take in the Neoclassical buildings, enjoy the local festivals, and savor the local specialties. It won’t take long to realize why Edinburgh is one of the most visited cities in Europe.

Read next: Top Vacation Rentals in Scotland

It's hard to resist Edinburgh's quaint cobblestone streets.
It’s hard to resist Edinburgh’s quaint cobblestone streets.

24. Annecy, France

Annecy is one of those places where you have to keep pinching yourself to make sure it’s real.

Visitors are drawn to Annecy's vibrant architecture and canal charm.
Visitors are drawn to Annecy’s vibrant architecture and canal charm.

Tucked away in the French Alps, Annecy is nicknamed the “Venice of the Alps” because of the rivers and canals that flow through its Old Town. It’s a great day trip from Geneva, but I recommend spending at least a couple of nights here to soak in the alpine ambiance.

Annecy is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
Annecy is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

In addition to the beautifully painted buildings that straddle its canals, Annecy is also popular for its serene waterfront area. Lake Annecy adds a unique flavor to this medieval town, as it’s dotted with boats, birds, hiking trails, all with an epic mountain backdrop.

Lake Annecy is one of the most scenic lakes in the Alps.
Lake Annecy is especially scenic during the summer, when boats line the shoreline.

25. Hamburg, Germany is a world-class European city brimming with character

Hamburg is a beautiful city in northern Germany that’s known for its bridges and canals, of which there are thousands! In fact, Hamburg has more bridges and canals than Amsterdam and Venice combined!

Deichstrasse in Hamburg, Germany
Deichstraße is home to some of the oldest houses in Hamburg, dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries. It’s among the very few streets of Old Hamburg left after the Great Fire of 1848 and the bombings of World War II.

Hamburg will surprise you

One of my favorite parts of Hamburg is the Speicherstadt district. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the largest warehouse district in the world. Built on timber-pile foundations, these red-brick buildings are some of the most beautiful I’ve ever seen.

The scene is especially brilliant right after sunset. This is when the lights are switched on and golden hues illuminate the water and brick buildings around it. Such a spectacular sight!

The Speicherstadt in Hamburg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Speicherstadt in Hamburg during blue hour, minutes after sunset. The Poggenmühlen-Brücke, which I’m standing on here, offers the most iconic view of the city, the Speicherstadt.

When you’re in the city center, be sure to visit Hamburg’s Rathaus (City Hall). This grandiose building has nearly 650 rooms and is 367 feet (112 meters) tall. It is definitely among the most magnificent city halls I’ve seen in Europe.

Hamburg Rathaus, one of the nicest cities in Europe.
The Rathaus is a must-see sight in the heart of Hamburg, one of the nicest cities in Europe.

The Rathaus is surrounded by a lively square, street food stalls, shops, and a beautiful lake. Wie schön!

With its unique architecture, fascinating museums and even a beach, Hamburg is one of the most livable cities in Germany. Hamburg is also one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

26. Valencia, Spain

Mounted on Spain’s eastern seaboard, Valencia is the third largest city in the country and one of the nicest cities in Europe. Valencia is the birthplace of paella, and a cultural center where the past coexists with the present.

The City of Arts and Sciences is a futuristic attraction in Valencia.
The City of Arts and Sciences is a futuristic attraction in Valencia.

(Check out my Matador Network article: Things to do in Valencia)

Valencia deserves a spot among this list of European cities

Known as the “City of Arts and Sciences”, Valencia has a variety of innovative and contemporary attractions. Most notable among them is the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències. This ultramodern entertainment complex contains an aquarium, planetarium, museum of science, performing arts center, and opera house.

Valencia also has an old town, or Ciutat Vella. It’s hailed for its distinct architecture, quaint cafes, and cobblestone streets. Here, you’ll find Roman and Gothic marvels, with a tinge of Arabic influence from the Moorish occupation.

Valencia is also one of the most livable cities in the world. As such, there is no shortage of parks, beaches, and greenways.

Valencia is partitioned by the Turia Park, spanning 5 km from the western part of the city to the beach. Along the park’s many paths, you’ll discover pretty playgrounds, bike lanes, and gardens.

With its eclectic cityscape and delightful nature, Valencia is befittingly one of the best and most beautiful cities in Europe.

Read next: Coolest Vacation Rentals in Spain

Valencia is among the nicest and most beautiful cities in Europe
The Porta dels Serrans, or Serrans Towers, contains one of the main gates that formed Valencia’s ancient city wall. Built between 1392 and 1398, the Serrans Towers is the gateway to the Ciutat Vella, or Old Town.

27. Istanbul, Turkey

Istanbul is one of the best-preserved ancient cities in Europe. Located on the Bosphorus Strait where Asia meets Europe, Istanbul was once a pivotal port city along the Silk Road. Its treasure trove of historical sights make it one of the most beautiful European cities that’s worth visiting in 2022.

Bosphorus Boat Cruise in Istanbul, Turkey
Istanbul sits on the scenic Bosphorus that separates Asia and Europe. Pictured in the distance are the Hagia Sophia and Blue Mosque (left to right).

Istanbul has a population of 15 million people, making it the biggest city in Turkey and top 5 worldwide. However, you wouldn’t know the city’s sheer size when you’re strolling through Istanbul’s historic center (Sultanahmet).

The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is a massive marketplace sizzling with life.

Some must-see sights in Istanbul are the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, and Grand Bazaar. Hence, you should include each of these stops on your Istanbul itinerary.

The Hagia Sophia is located in the heart of Istanbul, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe
The Hagia Sophia is a church-turned-mosque-turned-museum in the heart of Istanbul.

In addition to its assortment of historic attractions, Istanbul is also a cultural and entertainment hub in the region. The city is sprawling with lively shops, bars, and restaurants at every turn.

With a history spanning 2,500+ years, Istanbul is truly an open-air museum. And this alfresco museum belongs on your bucket list in 2022!

28. Heidelberg, Germany

Heidelberg is the quintessential German town. It’s quaint, historic, and filled with personality, surely making it one of the nicest and prettiest cities in Europe.

Heidelberg Germany from the Philosphenweg. It's one of the nicest cities in Europe.
Heidelberg’s Old Town from the Philosphenweg.

Heidelberg is jam-packed with interesting sights and things to do. Begin your adventure in the Old Town (Altstadt), where you’ll discover medieval buildings dotted around cobbled streets and vibrant squares.

The Marktplatz (Market Square) and Hauptstraße (Main Street) are in the center of all the action. Each of these scenic places are sizzling with life and energy.

When you look up from the Old Town, you’ll be enchanted by the Heidelberg Castle looming overhead. Erected in the 13th century, the Heidelberg Castle is a magical mix of Gothic and Renaissance architecture. You’ll be enchanted by the city and river below.

Read next: Top Vacation Rentals in Germany

Heidelberg Castle stands tall in one of the nicest and prettiest cities in Europe.
The Heidelberg Castle watches over the Old Town below. It stands as the centerpiece in one of Europe’s nicest cities.

Nature lovers also love Heidelberg!

For nature lovers, Heidelberg offers two unique experiences. The Philosophenweg, or Philosopher’s Walk, is perched atop the city opposite from the castle. It’s a great place for hiking and, well, philosophizing. Over the centuries, this beautiful hiking trail has been a source of inspiration for artists and intellectuals.

Another top experience, literally, is the Königstuhl Mountain. This mountain is home to many scenic hiking trails, as well as a fairytale amusement park, charming cafe, and falconry. Königstuhl is a great place for enjoying the crisp fresh air while soaking in the vistas of Heidelberg.

From its history and culture to its nature and cuisine, Heidelberg is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

Heidelberg's beautiful skyline.
Heidelberg’s beautiful skyline.

29. Kotor, Montenegro

This one feels like a small town, but has the beauty and charm of a vibrant European city.

The Cathedral of Saint Tryphon is one of the top sights in Kotor.
The Cathedral of Saint Tryphon is one of the top sights in Kotor.

Camouflaged by a bulwark of mountains and coastline, Kotor is a municipality in Montenegro. The Bay of Kotor, a fjord-like waterway, surrounds Kotor, which happens to be among the nicest and prettiest cities in Europe.

The Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This area includes the Old Town, its fortifications, and the adjoining bay.

Within the Old Town of Kotor, you’ll find medieval architecture dating back the 12th and 14th centuries. In particular, the St. Tryphon Cathedral and St. Luke’s Church are two architectural masterpieces built in the 1100s.

Another top attraction is the Castle of San Giovanni, a hillside fortification with breathtaking vistas of the city and bay.

From walking tours of the medieval ramparts, to boat cruises around the bay, Kotor offers a harmonious blend of attractions. As such, it deserves a mention among the most beautiful cities in Europe that you should visit in 2022.

It’s also among the most budget-friendly cities on the continent, so your Euro will go a long way here.

Kotor, one of the nicest, prettiest, and most beautiful cities in Europe.
Kotor has been a sought-after Mediterranean port for nearly 2,000 years.

30. Budapest, Hungary

It’s easy to fall in love with Budapest, one of Europe’s most beautiful cities.

This city is a top destination on the Danube River. It’s also one of the prettiest cities to visit in Central Europe (some also consider it Eastern Europe). Here are a few things you need to see:

Budapest offers thermal bath experiences like no other.
Budapest offers thermal bath experiences like no other.

Hungarian Parliament Building: An iconic building on the Danube River (the largest structure in Hungary).

Széchenyi Thermal Bath: The largest medicinal bath in Europe (the one you probably see a lot on your Instagram feed).

Matthias Church is located in the Holy Trinity Square in Budapest.
Matthias Church is located in the Holy Trinity Square in Budapest.

Buda Castle: Baroque palace dating back to the mid-1700s.

Fisherman’s Bastion (Halaszbastya): Part of the Buda Castle with an amazing panoramic viewing terrace of the city.

With so many historic buildings and cool cultural attractions, Budapest is the perfect city break in the heart of Europe.

Budapest's beautiful Parliament Building on the Danube River.
Budapest’s beautiful Parliament Building on the Danube River.

Discovering the most beautiful cities in Europe

I hope you enjoyed reading and learning about these 30 most beautiful cities in Europe.

Ironically, the hardest part about writing this article was choosing the “right” cities and ranking them.

In addition to the “Instagram” definition of beauty, I also considered each city’s culture, history, and overall personality. After all, there is more to a place than meets the eye.

With hundreds of pretty cities in Europe to pick from, I narrowed down my list to only 30. Admittedly, this process was pretty heartbreaking (Amsterdam, Krakow, Stockholm, and Sevilla, I’m looking at you).

Are there any other most beautiful cities in Europe worth mentioning?

Based on your travel experiences, what do you think are the most beautiful cities in Europe? Perhaps they will appear on this list in the future!

Thanks for tuning in! Happy Travels! -Jon

For further reading: Top Vacation Rentals in Europe


*As an Amazon Associate, I may earn from qualifying purchases from the affiliate links in this article.


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6 comments

chocoviv January 20, 2020 - 00:55

These are such beautiful cities!

Reply
Global Viewpoint January 20, 2020 - 14:12

They sure are! 🙂

Reply
Joquim October 12, 2019 - 07:32

Interesting list. If you’re only including cities you have visited (good idea). It would be great if you were to visit Riga, Turin, Bordeaux, Lyon, Toulouse, Bratislava and Ljubljana. It would be interesting to see how you rate them.

Reply
Global Viewpoint January 16, 2020 - 09:49

Thanks! I’ve been to Riga and Bratislava – very beautiful cities indeed! The others are definitely on the bucket list 🙂 Thanks for sharing!

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MARGIT January 3, 2019 - 17:59

I love your ranking of European cities! I know all of them except Kotor which I‘ll visit in May. You really made me curious, I look forward to going there!

Reply
Global Viewpoint January 4, 2019 - 09:12

Thank you so much for your kind feedback! I hope you have a wonderful visit to Kotor this May. Happy Travels!

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